September 30, 1869:
The dawn of our Centennial Anniversary was announced by the ringing of bells, and soon after the streets and squares began to fill with people prepared to enjoy the long expected holiday. By railroads, steamers, stages, and other available conveyances, crowds of visitors came into the city lo join in the festivities of the day; the movements of those seeking favorable points for viewing the procession, of the different companies, schools, and societies, rnarching to the rendezvous appointed for its various divisions, the reception of companies from other towns, the music by the almost ubiquitous bands, the beautifully decorated buildings, and the flags waving everywhere in the bright sunlight, all together gave the place an unwonted air of rejoicing.
Autobiography: Temperance vs. intemperance.The story of a man who has experienced the life of a drunkard
It is with much reluctance that I present to the public a history of my life; and unlike most other autobiographers, I do not by any means place myself as an example to be followed by the reader, for it may well be said that the best of my life has not only been thrown away, but has passed to the advantage of immorality; for, behold the man in a state of intoxication, a patron of the most degrading ten-penny rum-shops, with an innocent, poorly clad and half-starved family of children at home crying for bread, and he spending his last penny in one of those hellish dungeons for the intoxicating beverage. It was thus that many years of my life was passed. When I was brought to see my position in society, the disgrace I was bringing upon myself and friends, the foul air I was breathing; when by magic as it were, the past was laid before me, with a realization of the future, then I put on a new armor, fought under new colors, with Faith, Hope and Charity as my emblems, and Temperance, Virtue and Integrity as my mottoes. And God being my helper, I will ever support them.
Having no diary I am obliged to trust to memory for facts and incidents, so it must not be presumed that I am to enter into the minute details of my life, but to give but a limited account of my course, showing how easily the moderate drinker becomes the lowest inebriate.
Letter Written by Hon. Lewis Barker to the Hon. Wm. B. Snell, of the State Senate of Maine, January 30th, 1868
Lewis Barker, of Bangor, a former Speaker of the Maine House of Representatives, addresses the current Maine State Senator William B. Snell concerning the issue of the 5-20 bond. The specifics of this bond prove not to be entirely clear in this letter.
John Stuart Mill
We ought not to take advantage of the security which we feel against any such danger in the present case to refuse to a limited class of women that small amount of participation in the enactment and the improvement of our laws which this motion solicits for them, and which would enable the general feelings of women to be heard in this house through a few female representatives.
We ought not to deny to them what we are going to accord to everybody else : a right to be consulted; the common chance of placing in the great council of the nation a few organs of their sentiments; of having what every petty trade or profession has -- a few members of the legislature, with a special call to stand up for their interests, and direct attention to the mode in which those interests are affected by the law, or by any changes in it.
Address delivered at the site of the Popham Colony: near the mouth of the Kennebec, in New England : before the Maine Historical Society, on the 28th August, 1863
A few words are sufficient to explain the printing of this address in England. It was delivered in the summer of 1863, by the invitation of the Historical Society of the State of Maine, and although the printing of it was called for by the Committee of the Society, it was withheld chiefly for the want of time and inclination to devote to its publication.
Taking advantage of the leisure afforded me by a quiet winter on this lovely Island, for the benefit of the health of one of my daughters, I now give it to the press, slight as is its value as a historial document; trusting that it may prove a source of trifling gratification to those interested in the subject.
Ventnor, Isle of Wight, March 6th, 1866
A collection of programs and flyers for concerts, most of which were held in Bangor, primarily at Norombega Hall, City Hall, and the Universalist Church, from the 1860s and 1870s. A few of the flyers are for concerts in Boston. The concerts featured local performers, as well as visiting artists from Boston and New York. The donor of these artifacts to Bangor Public Library is not known.
Our Country's Claim: Oration at the Citizens' Celebration of the Eighty-fifth Anniversary of the Declaration of Independence of the United States Delivered in Norombega Hall, Bangor, July 4th, 1861
The present eventful time is restoring their significance to some words and usages. The celebration of this day has been an empty pageant, and Fourth of July oratory but another name for political gasconade. But when this year it seemed likely that there would be no public celebration on account of the obvious propriety of avoiding the customary expense, every one of us felt a hungering of the heart for some patriotic observance of the day.
Samuel Harris, July 4th, 1861
Report of Commissioners Appointed to Settle with the Sureties of Benjamin D. Peck, Late Treasurer of Maine
J. G. Blaine
Report focuses on the mishandling of bonds and tax revenue by the Treasurer of the State of Maine, Benjamin D. Peck.
Report of Henry O. Kent, Commissioned on the Part of New Hampshire to Ascertain, Survey and Mark the Eastern Boundary of Said State, from the Town of Fryeburg to the Canada Line. A.D., 1859
Henry O. Kent
It is believed that the line above described is now sufficiently marked and designated to afford a distinguishable and permanent dividing line, which will subserve all the purposes of the two States equally well as a more expensive system of monuments.
All of which is respectfully submitted, John W. Wilson (on the part of Maine), Henry O. Kent (on the part of New Hampshire), Dated the 21st day of December, A.D., 1858
Rules and By-Laws for the Government and Discipline of the Maine State Prison at Thomaston, with a Catalogue of Officers
General Rules and Regulations
Powers and Duties of the Warden
Duties of the Depute Warden
Duties of the Clerk and Commissary
Duties of the Chaplain
Duties of the Physician
Duties of Overseers and Turnkeys
Duties of the Watchmen
Officers of the Maine State Prison
"The following curious and highly amusing document, was handed to us by a friend, who desired to see it in print. We are informed that the questions were copied verbatim from a printed circular, signed by Charles Lowell, Esq., of Ellsworth, which was sent to several of the Postmasters in Illinois, in 1839, for the purpose of obtaining information in regard to that country. A copy of this circular falling, by chance, into the hands of a wag at Jacksonville, he returned it to Mr. Lowell with answers annexed, as given below. Mr. L. being, we presume, little pleased with the character of the answers, refused to take the document out of the Post Office, and it subsequently passed into other hands. We have been much amused with the replies of the Jacksonville wag. They contain the most admirable burlesque upon Western life that we have ever seen."
Report of an exploration and survey of the territory on the Aroostook River, during the spring and autumn of 1838
To Ezekiel Holmes, Esq. of Winthrop,
Sir : Pursuant to the above order of the Board of Internal Improvements, you are authorized and requested to select suitable assistants, and proceed as soon as practicable in the above mentioned exploration and survey, which you will finish in such a manner as in your opinion may best promote the interest of the State. You will make a reconnoisance of the Sebois River and ascertain the practicability of a water communication between this river and La Pompique, also between the Little Machias and Fish Rivers, and at such other points on the Aroostook between the St. John and Penobscot Rivers, as you may deem advisable. You will examine the geology and mineralogy of the country, and present in your Report a topographical account of the same -- describing the streams, mill sites, mountains, ponds, bogs, &c.; the growth, quality and extent of different soils, and in what direction it will be advisable to open roads and the facilities for making the same. You will notice the climate, in what it differs from the settled parts of the State -- the adaptation of that region for particular products -- the facilities for boating, and the transportation of lumber, and all such other particulars as you may deem valuable. You are requested to return specimens of minerals and soils to this office with localities designated, and interesting specimens of natural history, such as fossils, bones, horns, shells, plants, seeds, &c., when the same can be done without much inconvenience.
Elijah L. Hamlin, Land Agent.
May 1st, 1838
Three Pamphlets about the Duel of February 24, 1838, Between Jonathan Cilley of Maine and William J. Graves of Kentucky
United States Congress
Contemporary documents which detail the feud between United States House of Representative members Jonathan Cilley, of Maine, and William J. Graves, of Kentucky. Cilley had spoken unfavorably on the floor of the House of James Watson Webb, publisher of the New York Morning Courier and Enquirer, concerning Webb having flip-flopped (because of $52,000 payment) on the issue of whether the Second Bank of the United States should continue operation.
Webb gave a letter to his friend, Rep. William Graves of Kentucky, demanding an explanation or an apology of Cilley. Cilley explained he had not meant to impugn Webb's reputation, but the explanation failed to satisfy either Webb or Graves. Unable to reconcile, a duel was decided upon, with Graves standing in for Webb.
After a few rounds of firing, Cilley was struck in the leg, piercing his femoral artery. He died moments later.
This ordeal outraged the Congress and much of the country, leading to Congress outlawing dueling in the District of Columbia in 1839 and a decision to expel from Congress any member who later took part in a duel.
Report of the Committee on the Late Duel (1838)
Discourse, Occasioned by the Recent Duel in Washington by Henry Ware Jr. (1838)
Doctor Sprague's Sermon, Occasioned by the Late Tragical Deed at Washington (1838)
Benjamin F. Tefft
Maine Wesleyan Seminary, Nov. 10, 1835,
Gentlemen -- I herewith transmit to you a copy of the Poem to which you allude in your note of the 6th inst. You are aware under what pressure of other duties the Poem was thrown together; at intervals, too, when the mind is least poetical. It was designed, moreover, merely for delivery. In presenting you with this copy, I feel urged to accompany it with these remarks, hoping that you will consider it as an offering to you, rather than to the public. With sentiments of respect, I am most obediently yours.
An argument delivered before the Bangor Forensic Club on the question "ought the law requiring the opening of our post-offices and the transportation of our mails on the Christian Sabbath to be repealed?" Thursday evening, Jan. 6, 1831
Ebenezer Mattoon Chamberlain
This, sir, brings us to the shape, in which the question under consideration presents itself. It is contended that this law is an infringement of the laws of God, inasmuch as it violates the sanctity of the Christian Sabbath. Could this be proved, no conviction would sooner strike me dumb. Hence, then, the true question arises -- is the Christian Sabbath a Divine Institution? In the discussion of this momentous question, I am emboldened to proceed, only from the reflection that I rely on God's own word to prove his will. And let those beware, who would presume to prove more, by arguments drawn from other sources than those of infallible truth.
Proceedings of a Meeting Held at Bangor, Maine, by the Friends of the Union, on the Subject of Northern Interference with the Domestic Relations of Master and Slave at the South
Friends of the Union, Bangor, Maine
The citizens of Bangor, one and all, who are opposed to the measures of the Northern Abolitionists, and who are desirous publicly, and in the language of Washington "indignantly" to "frown upon the first dawning of any attempt to alienate one portion of our country from the rest; or to enfeeble the sacred ties which now link together the various parts;" who hold to the preservation of our national compact, in its original spirit and purity, as a sacred and inviolable duty, and as the only ark of our political salvation; -- who disclaiming for themselves, protest against the right of other citizens, of any one State, to interfere, directly or indirectly, in the domestic relations of the citizens of any other State; and who feel pledged by every obligation sacred to men of honor and freemen to support, at all hazards, that fundamental article in our sacred Constitution, that "the United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union, a Republican form of government; and shall protect each of them against invasion, and against domestic violence," -- are requested to meet at the City Hall, on Saturday evening, the 29th August, at 7 o'clock, to take into consideration the measures most proper to be adopted, to counteract the attempts now making by these individuals to create civil discord and to convey to our brethren of the South the most solemn assurance of the public reprobation of their proceedings, and the insignificance of their numbers, and their utter inability to produce any public action among the independent and intelligent citizens of Maine, inconsistent with the rights of the Southern States.
The First Library in Bangor: Letter Written in 1814 Proves Existence of Earliest Known Library in Bangor
William D. Williamson
This letter written in 1814 by Williams D. Williamson, then postmaster in Bangor, to Rev. Jedediah Morse, preacher, pamphleteer, and geographer, of Charleston, Massachusetts, contains the earliest known reference to a library in Bangor.
The library, when opened, was called the Bangor Athenaeum. It was one of six libraries operating in Bangor in various times between 1814 and 1883 which, in the end, all merged into the Bangor Public Library, founded in 1883. In 1814 Bangor was in the District of Maine, a part of the State of Massachusetts.
The original letter and its transcription included. Also included in an April 1955 Bangor Daily News article about the Bangor Public Library's recent acquisition of the letter.
Park Holland's Field Book 1797 of the survey of part of the lands on Penobscot river purchased of the Indians and including Settlers lots.
This is the manuscript field book done by surveyor Park Holland in 1797. It is 37 pages on hand laid paper written with iron gall ink. The original size is: 15.7cm x 9.5cm.
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