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In the following historical sketch, the substance of which was embodied in a paper read at the quarterly meeting of the Berkshire Historical and Scientific Society, in May, 1885, an attempt has been made to trace with some care the sequence of events which led to the final establishment of the existing boundary between the states of Massachusetts and New York.

The history of this particular boundary has been involved in political complications, which tend to confer upon it a more than local and temporary consequence. Indeed, it is not improbable that the collateral results of the present investigation may be, by many, regarded as of more interest, if not actually of greater importance, than those more immediately aimed at.

Among the indirect results which have thus rewarded the author's researches, may be mentioned the new light which has been thrown upon the local history of the Indian nation originally occupying the country between the Hudson and Connecticut Rivers; a connected relation of the origin, progress, and results of the anti-rent troubles, which disturbed the peace and good order of the state of New York for more than a century; and the important fact, now for the first time clearly established, that the permanent settlement of Berkshire county was commenced by pioneers from the valley of the Hudson, at a very much earlier date than has hitherto been supposed.

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Pittsfield, Massachusetts


Massachusetts, New York, Connecticut, Berkshire Historical and Scientific Society, Hudson River, Connecticut River, Mohawk Indians, Stockbridge Indians


United States History


Appendix: Treaty between the Mohawk and Stockbridge Indians.

The western boundary of Massachusetts: a study of Indian and colonial history



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