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There were estimated to have been 37,000 native Indians in Maine in 1615. The Tarratines were a numerous, powerful and warlike people, more hardy and brave than their western enemies.
They lived on friendly intercourse with the Abenaques tribes until about 1615-16, when the great war of violence, revenge and extermination broke out between them, continuing for two years. The consequences of this war were famine, distress, and a pestilence, or plague, which was wide-spread and exceedingly fatal. It was considered by some to have been small pox; by others, yellow fever.
For six or seven years prior to 1669, a bloody and exterminating war raged between the New England Indians and the Mohawks. The latter were victorious and pursued the Tarratines to the Penobscot, burned their villages and did other damage.
The Tarratines have probably at different times changed the situation of their principal village. At the mouth of the Kenduskeag, they had a common resting place to which they were from habit strongly attached. A league above the mouth of Kenduskeag stream. and near the westerly bank of the Penobscot were undoubted appearances of an old Indian village.
Penobscot Indians, history of Penobscot Indians, Native American history in Maine, Penobscot County Maine, Indian Island, Old Town Maine, treaties with Native Americans, John Neptune, Molly Molasses, Native American government, Indian Agency, Joseph Nicolar, Lucy Nicolar, Sockabesin Swassian, Joseph Francis
Dillingham, Charles A., "The Penobscots" (1900). Books and Publications. 257.
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